- To what extent was war the main cause of change in Russia in the period 1855-1964?
- In the period 1855-1914 did opposition movements exert only a minimal influence over the government of Russia?
- Did Russia’s rulers in the period 1855-1964 consistently view repression as their most effective tool of government?
- How and why have socialists endorsed collectivism?
- Why have some socialists advocated revolution rather than reform?